On November 19, 1998, (63 FR 64322) the Bureau of Export Administration published an interim rule revising the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to codify sanctions against India and Pakistan by setting forth a licensing policy of denial for exports and reexports of items controlled for nuclear nonproliferation and missile technology reasons to India and Pakistan, with limited exceptions. This licensing policy was adopted in practice in existing regulations in June 1998. This rule also contained certain discretionary measures. BXA added to the Entities List set forth in the EAR certain Indian and Pakistani government, parastatal, and private entities determined to be involved in nuclear or missile activities. In addition, Indian and Pakistani military entities were added to the Entity List in order to supplement the sanctions. BXA adopted a licensing policy of a presumption of denial with respect to items specifically listed on the Commerce Control List to listed Indian and Pakistani military entities, with limited exceptions.
Agency Contact: Sharron Cook, Regulatory Policy Division, Bureau of Export Administration, Telephone: (202) 482-2440.
This rule is final. Its effective date is November 27, 1998.